The hottest Germany has unique methods to deal wit

2022-10-24
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Germany has a unique way to deal with packaging waste

A large amount of packaging waste has caused waste of resources and environmental pollution, and Germany has well controlled packaging waste through government legislation, which has promoted the sustainable development of the packaging industry. By implementing the packaging regulations alone, 1million tons of packaging were avoided in 1992 and 1993; From 1993 to 1995, about 13million tons of commodity packaging waste were utilized through this system

"green dot" system: it is legally established that who produces and who recycles

the garbage cans of German families are uniformly distributed, small household buckets with oneortwo people and large household buckets with a large population. Every family has to pay a monthly garbage clearance fee, and families who use buckets have to pay more

in 1992, Germany began to implement a more systematic recycling method of packaging waste, namely the famous "green dot" recycling system method. The so-called "green dot" is to print a unified "green dot" logo on the commodity packaging. This "green dot" indicates that the manufacturer of this commodity has paid for the recycling of this commodity. The cost paid by the manufacturer using the "green dot" logo to establish a recycling, classification and reuse system, and the company operating this system is non-profit

after residents use all the commodities marked with "green dot", they will put them in special yellow plastic bags. The company operating the "green dot" system has special personnel to collect them from each household regularly. Usually, the packaging materials with "green dots" are: aluminum, iron, white iron sheet, plastic; wait. It should be noted that "green dot" does not mean that goods are "green products". On the contrary, German companies and stores engaged in ecological food have never bought "green dot". Because they always focus on avoidance, and the packaging they use is environmentally friendly. "Green dot" cannot guarantee that recyclable garbage can be recycled, classified and utilized. Many places in Germany still send all their garbage to garbage dumps or waste incineration sites, especially where people and shops are crowded

the fundamental significance of the "green dot" system is that through the commodity packaging regulations, the product principles have been determined in law for the first time. According to the regulations, the producers and operators of commodity packaging are obliged to take back and use the used products

the recovery rate is less than 72%, and the mandatory deposit system is implemented.

since Germany began to enforce this system, customers have to pay the corresponding deposit when purchasing all mineral water, beer, coke and soda packaged in plastic bottles and cans, and 0.25 euros is required for less than 1.5 liters. Customers receive the deposit when returning empty cans

why can bottles of spirits, wines, milk and fruit juice be "spared" from the deposit system? German Packaging Law stipulates that if the recovery rate of disposable beverage packaging is less than 72%, a mandatory deposit system must be implemented. The packaging recovery rate of beer, coke and soda has been very low, and it could not reach the 72% standard after 1997. The recovery rate of packaging for spirits, grape wine, milk, fruit juice and so on is much higher, so they are not included in the deposit system. In fact, it is reasonable to think about it carefully. Spirits, wines, milk, fruit juice, etc. are all family drinks. Most of them are bottled in glass and are generally bought home for drinking. Then residents will consciously put them into different collection boxes according to different colors (glass recycling boxes in Germany are classified according to different colors), so the recovery rate is high. Beer, coke and other beverages are leisure drinks, which people are used to drinking outdoors or in public places, and then easy to throw away. Many empty beer cans that have not been put into recycling bins can be seen on the roadside in Germany, which is particularly serious among German youth

reduce disposable packaging and realize the sustainable development of the packaging industry

according to statistics, the global consumption of plastic packaging alone has reached more than 30 million tons. Urban solid waste in the United States is about 150 million tons a year; In one year, Japan will build a national new material testing and evaluation Regional Center for solid waste of about 50million tons. China is the fourth largest plastic producer in the world. In recent years, the material prototype industry has also made great progress, with an output of 15million tons, of which 30% is used for packaging. 70% of these plastic packages are discarded after disposable use

on the surface, the deposit system is to promote customers to return empty beverage cans to improve the recovery rate. In fact, the intention of the German Ministry of environment is to let Germans change their consumption habits of using disposable beverage packaging and turn to more environmentally friendly reusable packaging. Beer, coke and soda are mostly disposable cans or plastic bottles. Although they will be recycled after being collected and then made into new packaging, this process, whether it is recycling and reproduction, or repeated transportation, will cause great energy consumption, and the consumption of energy sources is directly linked to the emission of greenhouse gases. In the last 10 years, the market share of disposable packaging in Germany has doubled to 24%

although the deposit system is controversial, many people support it. Those Germans who really understand the connotation of the deposit system and have strong environmental awareness believe that the deposit system is urgently needed. For example, Wei grebo, a professor of ecology at Cottbus University of technology in Brandenburg, said, "whether to buy a pop can or a glass bottle is a matter of one's environmental awareness. I haven't bought a pop can for five or six years."

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green packaging in other countries

green packaging refers to packaging that is harmless to the ecological environment and human health and can promote sustainable development. Therefore, developed countries all over the world have determined that packaging should conform to the principles of low consumption, development of new green materials, reuse, recycling and degradability

under the influence of Germany, the European Union and North American countries have successively formulated laws aimed at encouraging the recycling of second-hand by-products, green packaging and other laws, as well as specific goals for the recycling, reuse or regeneration of packaging waste

the French law proposes that 85% of packaging waste should be recycled in 2003. Austrian regulations require that 89% of recycled packaging materials must be recycled or reused

in order to promote the recycling and reuse of packaging waste, Europe has designed a group of symbolic signs for packaging recycling, which are marked on the main surface of the packaging by the packaging supplier. These signs include "reusable" signs, "recyclable" signs, signs that have been recycled and used more than 50% of recycled materials, green signs, etc

Japan has the most comprehensive legislation on circular economy among developed countries, and its legislative goal is to establish a resource "circular society". At present, seven laws have been promulgated, including the basic law on promoting the establishment of a circular society, the law on promoting the effective use of resources, the construction and reuse law, and the container reuse law. It has been implemented since April, 2001, striving to control the amount of garbage and realize the reuse of resources while laying the foundation for the establishment of a "circular society". Japan will step out of a society of mass production, mass consumption and mass abandonment and gradually move towards a "circular society"

in the United States, a survey shows that more and more American consumers require 100% recycled cardboard as the packaging of consumer goods. (Xiaoping)

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