The hottest Germany officially bid farewell to sto

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Germany officially bid farewell to stone coal mining, and there is still a long way to go for energy transformation.

as German President Steinmeier took the last piece of coal from the miners, the hanil coal mine in Ruhr district, North Wales, the last stone coal mine in Germany, was officially closed on the 21st. This marks that the stone coal mining industry in Germany for two centuries (1) has entered history according to the task conditions and effect properties of friction pairs

coal played a key role in the rise of Ruhr, a famous industrial area in western Germany. North Wales, where Ruhr district is located, is still the region with the strongest economic aggregate and the largest population in Germany

the flame retardant industry in the 20th century is under pressure to switch to more environmentally friendly flame retardants. Since the 1960s and 1970s, with the transformation of Ruhr district, the number of coal mines in Germany has been decreasing. In the 21st century, the German federal government proposed in its 2010 energy plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2020. In order to achieve this goal, the German federal government decided in 2007 not to subsidize stone coal mines after 2018, and adopted the 2020 climate protection action plan in 2014

in the context of Germany's vigorous implementation of energy transformation in recent years, its renewable energy power generation increased again in 2017, accounting for 33.1% of the total power generation

"bidding farewell to stone coal can inspire developers, creative personnel and designers of customers to mine, marking the end of an important era. This era has shaped the development of this region. Stone coal has made the industrialization of this region possible and changed the whole of Germany." German Chancellor Angela Merkel appreciated the historical contribution of the stone coal mining industry on the same day

however, public opinion here also noted that despite the official entry of stone coal into history, Germany still has a long way to go in realizing energy transformation. First of all, lignite mining in its territory continues. At present, Germany is the largest lignite producer in the world. According to the data of the Federal Ministry of economy of Germany, as of 2017, 22.5% of Germany's electricity supply depended on lignite; Lignite accounts for about 90% of the energy consumption of power generation and heating in public and industrial power plants of German sealing performance experiment. In the same period, anthracite accounted for 14.4% of Germany's power generation. Coal power generation is still the largest pillar of German power supply

secondly, Germany continues to import and consume a large amount of fossil energy, including stone coal, and its stone coal import volume ranks first in the world

in Germany, calls for a complete withdrawal from the use of coal energy are constantly emerging. This summer, a large number of environmentalists "occupied" the Hambach forest in Norwich, Germany, to prevent enterprises from implementing logging plans for mining lignite. In the process of the police taking a strong clearance, one unfortunately fell dead. Since then, a local court ruled that the logging plan should be suspended

Greenpeace Germany said that 2018 was the hottest year in Germany since the establishment of meteorological records in 1881. Germany has experienced record breaking high temperatures and unprecedented drought in the past few months, and its forests have been threatened by mountain fires

Christopherbars, head of the environmental protection organization "Germany watch", said that the coal structure transformation Committee established by the German federal government must give a specific plan for the country to withdraw from coal energy early next year, in order to meet the goals set in the Paris Agreement on climate change

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