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Germany strives to maintain the location advantage of the artificial intelligence industry

the German government regards artificial intelligence as an important growth point for the future of the German economy, and issued a national strategy to promote its development in 2018. However, the industrialization of AI still faces challenges in data use and enterprise concept

German politicians attach great importance to the development of artificial intelligence when doing tensile experiments on ribbed steel specimens. German Chancellor Angela Merkel once said that Germany and Europe must maintain leading regional advantages in the field of artificial intelligence in the future, believing that this matter is related to the future prosperity of Germany and the defense of individual dignity value and private domain in the digital era. German economy minister altemaier believes that the economic effect of artificial intelligence is expected to exceed all other technological changes since the invention of the steam engine

Germany officially launched the national AI strategy in November 2018, which was jointly led by the Federal Ministry of economy, the Federal Ministry of teaching and research and the Federal Ministry of labor and social security. The government plans to invest a total of 3billion euros by 2025, and use this as a lever to drive the joint investment of States, economic circles and scientific circles, and strive to finally achieve a total investment of 6billion euros

the strategy defines three major goals: first, to establish the leading regional advantages of Germany and Europe in AI technology and applications, so as to ensure Germany's competitiveness; Second, ensure the significance and public welfare orientation of AI technology and applications; Third, we should integrate AI into human social life in ethics, legal system, culture and system within the framework of extensive social dialogue and active political design

the strategy defines the following priorities: strengthening AI research, accelerating the transformation of research results, building digital infrastructure to serve AI applications, strengthening the strength of relevant professionals, paying attention to the ethical issues of AI applications, and strengthening relevant cooperation at the European and international levels

the strategy emphasizes that the R & D and application of artificial intelligence should be people-centered. Based on the existing AI research centers, 12 new centers should be established to form a national network of AI application demonstration; We should strengthen the construction of relevant disciplines and majors, and plan to introduce at least 100 relevant professionals; In particular, we should strengthen cooperation with France to jointly promote the construction, research, development and application of German and French artificial intelligence research and innovation network; We should accelerate the digitization of education and meet the challenges of artificial intelligence in the future

Germany started its research on artificial intelligence early and has a good foundation in basic research. The German Artificial Intelligence Research Center (DFKI) is currently the largest scientific research institution in this field in the world, with a history of 30 years. It has branches in Berlin, Saar and Lefa, with more than 900 employees

kalichek, the Federal Minister of education and research of Germany, previously said that Germany has famous scientific research institutions such as Fraunhofer, Max Planck and heimholtz, and has strong regional advantages in scientific research. However, at this stage, the development of artificial intelligence in Germany still needs the joint efforts of political, economic and academic circles, especially to promote the transformation of relevant basic research results

in recent years, some industries in Germany have begun to use AI related technologies. However, a survey recently completed by PricewaterhouseCoopers and Kaidu shows that 48% of German entrepreneurs believe that their enterprises have nothing to do with AI, 28% of companies believe that their business is related to AI but do not want to use AI, 17% of companies plan to introduce and use AI in the future, and only 4% of companies use AI in all links. In this regard, rayzer, a professional AI consultant of PricewaterhouseCoopers, pointed out that this weak awareness of AI may make German enterprises gradually lose competitiveness in the future

von sleben, director general of the German Chamber of Commerce and industry, also pointed out that artificial intelligence cannot be further applied in the field of national economy. In order to better make artificial intelligence technology serve practice, it needs a better innovation atmosphere, regulations conducive to technological development, close production and learning transformation, and digital infrastructure that can attach importance to high-end product design and trust, including optical fiber and 5g network. He also pointed out that two thirds of the members of the industrial and commercial Congress complained that facing the uncertainty of the legal use of data, it was urgent and important to explain the (government) law on European data protection in line with its practical application

some comments pointed out that German enterprises face stricter restrictions on data collection and use. The stricter the law is, the more sensitive people are to the parts involving their private data. Many large enterprises rely on huge amounts of data collection and use to constantly improve their algorithms

Merkel recently warned that in the digital age, supervision of data security and other aspects is essential, but the future of European manufacturing cannot be sacrificed due to excessive regulation. Like the development of social market economy all the time, on the one hand, we should clarify the guiding party needed for development through policies, but on the other hand, we should also leave enough free space for enterprise development

the research and innovation expert committee also proposed that the strategy should further clarify a series of executable specific goals for the development of artificial intelligence in Germany. Instead of rushing to build 12 artificial intelligence centers, we should concentrate resources on existing centers to make them stronger and bigger. There is no need to rush to expand the team of professionals on a large scale. Instead, funds should be concentrated on a group of relevant experts who conduct long-term and lifelong research in a longer period of time

boss, member of the German government digitalization Committee and owner of artificial intelligence enterprise Arago, stressed that enterprises should consciously use artificial intelligence technology and actively integrate it into their own business model, rather than relying solely on government funding

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