The hottest Germany tries to avoid packaging garba

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Germany: try to avoid producing packaging waste

in Germany, most daily foods such as meat, eggs, milk, fruits and vegetables in supermarkets are packaged. In a few days, waste packaging such as composite cartons, plastic boxes, beverage bottles and cans at home is piled into a hill. Statistics show that the volume ratio of waste packaging to household waste in general households in Germany can even reach 9:1. Nevertheless, Germany is not troubled by the environmental pollution caused by waste packaging, because these waste packaging products will not be directly burned in waste treatment plants or landfilled in selected places, but will be recycled through different processes

nowadays, although the packaging regulations have been revised several times, the basic principles of the regulations have not changed: first, try to avoid the generation of packaging waste; Once packaging waste cannot be avoided, priority should be given to reuse, especially the use of materials, and then consider the use of energy and harmless removal

from January 1st, 2000, as long as it is technically feasible and economically feasible, producers and those with high operational accuracy have the obligation to recycle and reuse free of charge

in order to restrict the use of disposable packaging, from January 1, 2003, when buying carbonated beverages such as mineral water, beer, coke and lemon in disposable packaging in Germany, you must pay a bottle charge of 25 euro cents or 50 euro cents. After the customer returns the bottle, the merchant will return the deposit. In October this year, with the approval of the Bundestag, the German government proposed a new revised draft of the packaging regulations, which plans to impose a 25 Euro bottle pressing fee on all disposable packaged beverages, that is, beverages such as fruit juice, milk and wine that currently use disposable packaging will also be subject to a bottle pressing fee soon

according to the provisions of the packaging regulations, manufacturers and dealers are obliged to recycle the packaging of goods sold to consumers free of charge, reuse or use materials, rather than being handled by the public sanitation department. If the merchant performs the recycling obligation by itself, it must also submit the certificate of utilization ratio. If businesses want to perform the recycling obligation by themselves without the presence of our personnel who formulate the "smart car public road test management specification", they can recycle and reuse the waste packaging through a management organization called "German binary system"

however, because additional packaging means additional recycling obligations and additional costs, German manufacturers and dealers pay more and more attention to simplifying and optimizing packaging, and even give up dispensable packaging. For example, because the use cost of the "green dot" logo is linked to the quantity, weight and materials of packaging, many enterprises began to simplify packaging and create conditions for the recycling and regeneration of packaging materials, so as to reduce costs and increase product price competitiveness

it is reported that since the introduction of the regulations, the annual packaging consumption has been reduced by 1.4 million tons, and about 850000 tons have been reduced each year through the sales packaging in the hands of individual consumers alone. This series of effective mechanisms has led to the continuous improvement of the recycling rate of packaging materials in Germany. In 2003, Germany recovered 5.99 million tons of packaging materials, with a per capita of 72.6 kg

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